Generosity is a virtue of the human being. But, historically, generosity has never been recognized as essential to the good functioning of our society. Could the absence of generosity be the essence of many of the problems that we face in our daily lives? Could the State awake a sense of generosity in people?
Firstly, we need to be very careful not to treat the theme "generosity" with a religious or even utopian stigma in the world we live in. The Law of Generosity is not a mere abstraction on the theme, but rather a necessary reflection and a concrete proposal to enable us to find new solutions for the serious social problems that we face.
On the one hand, we have groups defending that the State is the main responsible agent in reducing inequality between rich and poor and that increasing the weight of the State, or improving its efficiency, would produce better solutions to deal with our social problems. On the other hand, there are groups defending the reduction of the weight of the State and that the solution to our social problems lies in stimulating private enterprise and offering employment, health, education and safety to citizens, limiting the State to a position of guardian or referee in this process.
Regardless of the pros and cons of a minimal or maximum State, this proposal seeks to demonstrate that the essence of a better functioning of our society lies in improving relationships between people or, more specifically, improving relationships between rich and poor with the State acting as a promoting agent of this link. This is the innovative component that the proposed Law of Generosity brings to the reflection of our society.
In a concrete way, based on the Law of Generosity, a rich person would submit to the State a financial proposal of tax waiver which, once approved, would allow him to act as a Social Academic Tutor of a poor child or youth. A tax benefit that, in practical terms, would allow poor children to study in the same school as rich children and, as such, enjoy equal academic and social development opportunities. However, this would not occur merely on a financial basis, but also with the main purpose of straitening relationships between rich and poor.
As we know, poorest people have no conditions to enroll their children in good schools, a fact that perpetuates inequality of opportunities through generations, one of the main causes of wealth and social inequality. However, as important as providing better education opportunities, is the offer of a greater form of inclusion of poor people in the universe of the rich. A bridge between both worlds. A two-way bridge built on generosity.
But, would it be possible to build a generous bridge between rich and poor in a world where bridges are only built on concrete and money? Could generosity or the promotion of generosity, make up the basis of the capitalist system we live in? Indeed, does generosity contrast with capitalism or could it become complementary to it for a fairer distribution of knowledge and wealth?
Once again, we should be very careful not to distort the understanding of the proposal with existing pre-concepts on generosity. In order to allow you to answer these and other questions on this theme more clearly, we have produced a book titled "Law of Generosity: An innovative proposal for the reduction of inequality between rich and poor".
The book enables you to, step by step, deepen your understanding on the subject. In order to facilitate a better understanding of this concept, it is important to first discover the benefits of generosity not only in relation to our fellow-being, but also to ourselves.
Those who believe that generosity is only a good thing for those who receive it are very much mistaken. There are scientific studies that even demonstrate active generosity in a visible form in our brain as a "reward system": the same brain region responsible for pleasures such as eating chocolate, having sex or drug consumption. You will be able to learn more about these studies in the book.
Adam Smith, an important Scottish economist who lived in the 18th century, stated that "economic growth and technological innovation result from the actions of individuals seeking their own interests". Faced with such statement, which served as a basis to the development of our current society, would it not also be possible to transform generosity into something directly bound to our own interest?
In a first instance, the Law of Generosity proposes a tax benefit to allow people to act in a generous manner. But, subsequently, the very feeling of well-being resulting from the practice of generosity tends to become a source of self-interest. Ask anyone you consider essentially generous why he/she acts like that. You will probably receive a simple, unassuming answer that will be directly associated with Adam Smith’s statement: "I seek to be generous because it makes me feel good!"
It is possible that what is missing for many people to become generous is to discover the benefits and sensation of well-being associated with the practice of this virtue. It is in this context that emerges what we call "generosity education", whether in schools in the form of non-cognitive dynamics or through the formatting of a Law aiming at educating people on this virtue and, consequently, initiate a virtuous cycle based on practical examples of generous attitudes.
In other words, the Law of Generosity is neither liberal nor conservative, but rather a more participative action of the State in the welfare of our society. The State as a promoting agent of Generosity in people!
It is important to observe that tax incentive Laws that enable the allocation of funds from natural or legal entities to specific projects, although promoting the participation of private society in social issues, do not necessarily require direct involvement between the proponent and the recipient of the proposal. It is exactly in this context that the Law of Generosity is presented as an innovative proposal capable of establishing a link between rich and poor.
In other words, while assuming the role of Academic-Social Tutor, the proponent is bound by Law to become directly involved with the recipient, moving him/her through a mechanism promoted by the State, from a position of "Indifference" to one of "Recommended Generosity", towards the progressive target of "Full Generosity" or perhaps "Unconditional Generosity", as defined by the Generosity scale proposed in the book and exposed in an illustrative format in the first page of this site.
We can say that the Law of Generosity itself represents an incentive, a tool to stimulate people to practice generosity. A trigger for cultural transformation. But, in order to reach improved efficiency, it is necessary to change our vision of generosity. After all, more than donating money to a social cause, generosity is also learning to relate to the other, assuming responsibilities towards the other, establishing an exchange of positive stimuli between people in a two-way road as demonstrated in chapter 6 of the book addressing the three dimensions of generosity.
We need to be aware of the fact that, much more than redistributing money and resources, the most important thing is to promote the stimuli exchange that occurs when generous interactions take place. After all, everyone wins with generosity!
In the preceding paragraphs, we offered a general overview of the proposal, but in order to facilitate your understanding of the Law of Generosity, how it works and how it can contribute to improve our society, you need to undertake a short journey of discovery. Step by step, you will discover in the book:
When you finish reading the book, you will better understand the direct relationship between: Opportunity, Social Inequality and Generosity. An opportunity that most of our society does not even know the "taste" of. "Social Inequality" which, as it is addressed in the book, is the cause of many social revolts that assault us every day. And "generosity" as a virtue that generates "opportunity" and reduces "inequality".
All of this in the form of a concrete proposal: "The Law of Generosity".
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José Maria Siqueira
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He is the current Mayor of the city of Passa Quatro – MG, elected in 2013 with more than 60% of valid votes. Entrepreneur in the hotel sector, he is a Lawyer graduated from University Braz Cubas of Mogi das Cruzes and postgraduate in Administrative Law and Constitutional Law by UniversityGama Filho of Rio de Janeiro, he worked at the lawyer’s office João Gomes da Silva Advogados between 1998 and 2000, he was a partner of the lawyer’s office Pereira e Brito Advogados in Mogi das Cruzes and a practicing Lawyer in Passa Quatro – MG until he became Mayor of the city. With extensive relationships with representatives and senators in Brasilia, he spearheads the Political Coordination of the "Law of Generosity" project.
Lawyer registered with the OAB/SP 166.533, Partner of Locatelli e Locatelli Sociedade de Advogados, Graduate in Legal and Social Sciences by PUCCAMPINAS in 1998; Master of Laws (LLM) in Corporate Law by INSPER (2014); Postgraduate in Business Law by INPG - Faculdade Castelo Branco (2003).
She holds a Master’s and PhD in Education by UNICAMP and graduated in English Language and Literature by PUCCAMP. She also holds a Specialization Degree in Linguistics and a Bachelor’s Degree in Psychoanalysis by the Brazilian Orthodox Psychoanalytical Society, of Rio de Janeiro. She also holds a Certificate in Operational Competence in English, issued by the Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville. She has been a Lecturer at the Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Arts, N. S. de Patrocínio, in Itu, at the Faculty of Education, Sciences and Arts of Moji-Mirim and at the Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas. She participated in CNPq Research Projects in Discourse Studies. She is the author of academic papers published in the books: Representations of the Masculine (Editora Alínea, 2008), Representations of the Feminine (Editora Átomo, 2003) and in the journal Letras (PUC-Campinas, 25 anos, vol.26, nº2, 2007). She has literary texts published in anthologies: Poemas Anárquicos (Editora Guemanisse, 2007), Olhares Escritos (Editora Guarajás, 2005), Convergentes (Editora Guemanisse, 2007). She is the author of the children’s books O Peixinho Prateadoand Gatão Branco (Editora Pontes, 2012) and translations of children’s books (Editora Girassol Brasil).
Graduated in Marketing and Specialized in digitalmarketing, she has worked since 2008 as Managing Partner of Art and Planning at Prodweb and is in charge of the Digital Agency. Her main field of work and study is digital communication and social interactions on the web. She manages design and marketing teams with projects that combine art, communication and technology.
Trained in the field of Information Systems, he has worked for the last 12 years as Web developer using computer languages such as: PHP, ASP, JAVA and MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle and SQL Serverdatabases. From 2002 to 2007, he worked as a teacher and coordinator of a computer vocational course of Graham Bell College (RJ). In 2005, he developed two textbooks for the ProJovem Program. Since 2008, he has worked as Partner Director of Systems Projects of Prodweb developing web-basedand mobile projects: CMS, e-commerce, CRM, websites and portals, ODL and Managing Systems/ERP.
Postgraduate by Universidad Austral, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, he has worked as family advisor and educator, in addition to delivering talks at schools such as Vértice, Colégio Catamarã, among others. Dental Surgeon graduated by the University of São Paulo – USP and postgraduate in Neuro-Occlusal Rehabilitation –NORby the Planas Dentoclinic Institute of Barcelona – Spain.
Ana Beatriz Lopes Lancha is a Journalist with experience in educational and community media, graduated from the Mackenzie Presbyterian University and currently attending a Master’s in "Art, Education and Culture History" by the same university.
Marcelo Dias is a Journalist, with experience in educational media and training programs. He graduated from the Anhembi Morumbi Universityand Specialized in Marketing at the Mackenzie Presbyterian University.